History Of The Wonderful Chevrolet Camaro Car
Тhe beginnings of the creation of the Chevrolet Camaro car
When in 1964 Ford introduced its Mustang, Chevrolet didn’t immediately recognize this car as a big threat and at the very beginning rejected it as contradictory and old-fashioned, opposing with the turbocharged version of the Corvair.
But then in that period, there is a big expansion in sales of this Ford’s car, especially among the young population, and immediately Chevy became aware that it had made a big mistake. Аll this contributed to the initiation of a crash program to develop the Camaro.
Guided by its plans to develop the car, Chevrolet took decisive steps to create a small and personal luxury car based on the Chevy II Nova. So as a result of all that in 1966 Chevrolet entered the production of the Camaro and how as a 1967 model.
From the very appearance of the Camaro, it became the Mustang’s main competitor, was also a great rival to the famous Pontiac Firebird which is also presented in 1967, as well as the famous Plymouth Barracuda which is presented in 1964, AMC Javelin (presented in 1968), and Dodge Challenger who appeared a little later in 1970.
One of the more interesting facts about the first generation Camaro is that it was available as a coupe and a convertible, and had a classic blocky shape which fit perfectly into the overall image for the Camaro.
The engine that was installed in the Camaro included inline sixes of 230 and 250 cubic inch displacement/3.8 and 3.9 liters and V-8s of 327, 350, and 396 cid/ 5.0, 5.6, 5.7, and 6.5 liters with many different carburetor configurations. Another important fact about this car is that horsepower ranged from 140 to 325 hp, and the chassis was set in a style typical of the time with a leaf-sprung live rear axle and a coil-sprung A-arm front suspension. The first generation of the Camaro car with very few changes, Chevrolet created in 1969, with the 307 (5.0L) V-8 replacing the 327 in the middle of that year.
For this car, Chevrolet offered optional packages instead of equipment level. Basically, the RS was an appearance package with hidden headlights. All Chevrolet SS models had a 350 or 396 V-8 and an upgraded suspension. Тhe model Z-28 was designed for SCCA Trans-Am racing and had a 302 cid/4.9 liter/ V-8, basically, it represents a 327 with a 283 crankshaft. In relation to horsepower, it was rated 290 hp, but still, in the real world, it is thought to have had close to 400 hp.
General Motors’ main policy was to ban the installation of engines larger than 400 cid in smaller cars, but as several dealers, and especially here we are talking about Don Yenko started embedding 427 /7.0-liter/ V-8, that contributed Chevrolet to offer the 427-equipped Camaros in 1969, and only as a special order through the Central Office Production Order system, or abbreviated COPO.
Immediately after the first-generation Camaro went on sale in 1967, Chevrolet began developing the second generation of the Camaro car with the sole purpose of creating a world-class car that will be very sold and famous. Due to the complexity of the curved sheet metal, the new Camaro car represented real engineering and production challenges, and all this contributed to the Chevrolet delaying the introduction of the new generation of Camaro until Friday, February 13th, 1970.
The new Camaro car has a big-block 396 was enlarged to 402 cid /6.6 liters/ and other engine dimensions were transferred. Very characteristic of this generation of Camaro is the only one that was not available as a convertible.
Chevrolet continued to offer its models Super Sport /SS/, Rally Sport /RS/, and Z-28, and they all had a 360-350 horsepower. However, car sales began to decline and this contributed in 1973, Chevrolet give up the big-block engine and replaced the RS with the Type LT, and it all meant Luxury Touring.
Another important fact related to the history of the Camaro car is that in 1974 it was completely redesigned with a target to meet new Federal bumper standards. It was one of the few bumper designs at the time that looked too nice and well-suited to the whole look, although it all increased the Camaro’s length by as much as 7 inches.
The еngine lining was reduced to 250 I-6 and 350 V-8. At that time AMC and Chrysler’s pony cars were completely abolished and Mustang had been downsized to the Pinto-based Mustang II.
This allowed the Firebird and Camaro to remain the only domestic cars of their kind on the market and it all contributed to the dizzying sales growth at the end of the decade. A new 305 cid /5.0 liter/ V-8 was added in 1976, while Z 28 was left out in 1975 to reappear in 1977.
The Camaro car was redesigned again in 1978 when he received body-color plastic bumpers and there was also an option for T-top and was sold in Type LT, Z28, Sport Coupe, and Rally Sport trims, whereby Berlinetta replacing the LT for 1979. After reaching its peak in 1979, sales of this car began to decline dramatically dropping 50% between 1979 and 1981.
Тhird-generation Camaro car, Chevrolet present it in 1982 through three models: Berlinetta, Z28, and Sport Coupe. In terms of the engine, there was a choice between 2.5-liter “Iron Duke” 4-cylinder, a 2.8-liter V-6, and a 5.0 liter V-8 with optional fuel injection. All this contributed to the sales of this car again increase.
In 1985, Chevrolet introduced the IROC-Z. Then in 1987, the convertible was reintroduced with a 5.7L /V-8 engine/, now with fuel injection and 225 hp. In 1991 was presented facelifted model when the IROC was dropped as the International Race of Champions switched to Dodge Daytonas.
In 1993 was presented the new fourth-generation Camaro coupe. This new car had a large revised suspension though it retained the live rear axle.
Basically, two models were offered, the basic car with a 3.4-liter V-6 engine and the Z28 with a 275 hp “Gen II” 5.7-liter V-8. The convertible of this car was introduced in 1994 and a Buick-sourced 3.8-liter V-6 replaced the 3.4 in 1996. In 1998 the Camaro car received a completely new design with aerodynamic headlights, and the Gen II 5.7 was replaced by the aluminum 5.7-liter V-8 from the new C5 Corvette. But all this did not contribute to the increase in sales, on the contrary, it drastically decreased and therefore in 2002 the production was completely stopped.
The great success achieved by the new Mustang for 2005, led GM to reconsider the whole concept of the Camaro car, so in 2006 the new Camaro was unveiled at the Detroit Auto Show which actually pays homage to the 1963 Camaro model. The reaction of the audience towards the new Camaro car was positive so that was enough for GM to announce that it would be a production version.
The fifth generation of the Camaro car was introduced in 2010 and again with V-6 or V-8 power. Тhe convertible version appeared in 2011, and it is interesting that in 2012 appeared ZL-1 with 580-hp supercharged. The Camaro car was fully adapted in 2014 when the Z/28 package was re-introduced.
The sixth-generation was introduced in 2016 and had a similar look to the previous model. This Camaro had a 2.0-liter turbocharged four-cylinder engine, and thus this was the first four-cylinder Camaro in thirty years. In 2017, the well-known models returned to the market 1LE, ZL1 as well as base LS models.
Interesting Facts About The Camaro Car
The Pontiac Firebird was very similar to the Chevrolet Camaro, but in accordance with the tradition that GM had and that is to use its own powertrains. Аlso the engine he used was very similar to Chevy’s engines but had unique blocks and overhead camshafts. Тhe second-generation Firebirds used Chevrolet engines, and that was until 1982 when Firebird adopted an all-“corporate” engine lineup.
The famous Camaro car was also a springboard for the famous engine: Chevy’s small-block 350 /5.7 liter/ V-8. Тhe basic purpose for which it was designed is to be an emissions-friendly alternative to the 327, the 350 but at the same time, it will become the main pillar of GM for 30 years.
Тhis engine was gradually abolished for cars and this also applied to the Camaro car and in 1992 was replaced by “Generation II” engine. But GM continued to use the Generation I 350 in vans, cop cars, and trucks, through 1996.
Ed Cole as President of GM wanting to stop the spread of the model at Chevrolet wanted to use the upcoming bumper standards as an excuse to kill the Camaro car in 1973. But still, a group of people, true fans of this car, employed by the company have teamed up with a small contingent of dealers, who traveled to Detroit and made a real offer to buy the whole entire production run if GM kept the Camaro.
Аll this lobbying paid off and thus the Camaro car remained in production. Тhis was the right decision as Camaro sales increased sharply towards the end of the ’70s, peaking in 1979.
Chevrolet’s idea was to create a front-wheel-drive for the third and fourth generation of the Camaro car. But still, the company remained with rear-wheel drive for the third generation of the Camaro because the FWD architecture of the time would not support a V-8 engine.
The entire front-wheel-drive project known as the GM-80 was on track to become a reality for the fourth-generation Camaro car, but due to very poor sales of Ford Probe which had front-wheel drive, it was sufficient reason General Motors to completely withdraw from the idea of front-wheel drive.
Recommendations When Buying A Camaro Car
Some of Camaro’s models are very valuable and are very collectible and if you decide to buy such a car it is very important to check engine ID, VIN, and fender tags to verify the car’s originality. If it is a very rare model of a Camaro car, it should be authenticated.
The Camaro is a very powerful vehicle and if you decide to buy the latest model you have to look at traditional signs of abuse: damage to wheels or suspension components, Bodywork, uneven tire repair, and other things.
A lot of 2nd and 3rd generation of Camaro used carburetors with complex emissions controls, and all this contributed to problems with handling and driving this car even when they were new. These cars are still subject to emissions control in some countries. So before buying this car you must check the emission laws in your country and consider either a pre-smog or fuel-injected car.
Quick Information About The Camaro Car
– Production of the Camaro car begins in 1966 / 1967 model year
– The basic original price is $2,466
– Produced in the USA
– 1st generation of Kamaro car is from 1967-69, a total of 842,731 were produced.
– 2nd generation is from 1970-1981, a total of 1,948,233 were produced.
– 3rd generation is from 1982-1992, a total of 1,509,499 were produced.
– 4th generation is from 1993-2002, a total of 600,926 were produced.
– 5th generation is from 2009-2015, a total of 559,953 were produced
– 6th generation is from 2016-2019, a total of 239,873 were produced
– The total production of the Camaro car to date is somewhere around 5,701,515
– The best year of selling this car is 1979 with about 282,571 cars sold.
– The worst-selling year was 1990 with only 34,986 cars sold